Elon Musk’s xAI to Build World’s Largest Supercomputer in Memphis




Elon Musk's xAI announces plans to build the world's largest supercomputer in Memphis, featuring advanced technology and local landmarks.

Elon Musk’s artificial intelligence startup, xAI, is set to build the world’s largest supercomputer in Memphis, Tennessee. This multibillion-dollar project aims to enhance competition with tech giants like OpenAI and Google, and is expected to be operational by fall 2025.

Key Takeaways

  • xAI plans to build a supercomputer in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • The project is expected to be the largest investment in Memphis’s history.
  • The supercomputer will use 100,000 Nvidia H100 GPUs.
  • The project is pending approval from local authorities.

Project Overview

Elon Musk’s xAI has announced plans to construct a multibillion-dollar supercomputer in Memphis. The project, dubbed the "Gigafactory of Compute," will be housed in a former manufacturing facility, likely the Electrolux facility at 3231 Paul Lowry Road. The supercomputer will be powered by 100,000 Nvidia H100 graphics processing units (GPUs), the most powerful AI chips currently available.

Economic Impact

Ted Townsend, President of the Greater Memphis Chamber, stated that this project represents the largest investment by a new-to-market company in Memphis’s history. While the exact number of jobs created and the total cost are still being calculated, the city is offering tax breaks and other incentives to xAI. Memphis Mayor Paul Young emphasized the city’s innovative spirit and readiness to support such a transformational project.

Approval and Timeline

The project is pending approval from the Memphis Shelby County Economic Development Growth Engine, the Tennessee Valley Authority, and other governing authorities. If approved, the supercomputer is expected to be operational by fall 2025. The Greater Memphis Chamber has been working closely with xAI to meet the project’s demands and expedite the approval process.

Strategic Importance

The supercomputer will be used to train the latest version of xAI’s chatbot, Grok, and will significantly boost the company’s AI capabilities. Currently, xAI rents around 16,000 Nvidia H100 GPUs from Oracle Cloud. The new supercomputer will allow xAI to scale its operations and compete more effectively with other AI firms.

Broader Implications

Tennessee has become an attractive destination for businesses due to its lower cost of living and favorable tax environment. Companies like Oracle and Amazon have already established significant operations in the state. The addition of xAI’s supercomputer project will further bolster Tennessee’s reputation as a hub for technological innovation.


Elon Musk’s xAI is poised to make a significant impact on both the AI industry and the local economy in Memphis. With the planned construction of the world’s largest supercomputer, Memphis is set to become a focal point for AI development and innovation.


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